Insulin dynamics predict body mass index and z-score response to insulin suppression or sensitization pharmacotherapy in obese children

Published: The Journal of Pediatrics
Authors: Robert H Lustig 1 , Michele L Mietus-Snyder, Peter Bacchetti, Ann A Lazar, Pedro A Velasquez-Mieyer, Michael L Christensen


Objective: To assess the use of oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) to predict efficacy of insulin sensitization (metformin) or suppression (octreotide) because insulin resistance and insulin hypersecretion may impact pharmacotherapeutic efficacy in obese children.
Study design: Forty-three and 24 obese children, with and without central nervous system (CNS) insult, underwent OGTT. Insulin sensitivity was expressed as composite insulin sensitivity index (CISI), and secretion as corrected insulin response (CIRgp). Those without CNS insult received metformin (weight-based dosing) for 6 to 16 months. Those with CNS insult received octreotide SQ 15 microg/kg/d for 6 months. Body mass index (BMI) and z-score responses were modeled using CIRgp and CISI.
Results: Metformin: With CIRgp and CISI = 1, BMI z-score in white children declined by 0.23 over the first 4 months (P < .001), and by 0.14 over the next year (P = .33). Each 2-fold increase in CIRgp or CISI attenuated BMI z-score reduction, but with wide uncertainty (P = .24). Black children exhibited little response. Octreotide: With CIRgp and CISI = 1, BMI z-score decreased by 0.23 in the first 4 months (P = .052). Efficacy was dependent on an interaction between CIRgp and CISI (P = .051).
Conclusions: Efficacy of metformin was predicted by pretreatment insulin resistance. The efficacy of octreotide was predicted by insulin hypersecretion and sensitivity.


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