Diabetes and depression were not associated in Venezuelan adults: The EVESCAM study, a national cross-sectional sample

Published: Primary Care Diabetes
Authors: Juan Pablo González-Rivas 1 , William Polonsky 2 , María María Infante-García 3 , Maritza Duran 4 , Eunice Ugel 5 , María Ines Marulanda 6 , Jeffrey I Mechanick 7 , Ramfis Nieto-Martínez 8


Background: Evidence suggests that depression is more common in patients with diabetes than in the general population. However, contradictory results expose controversy in this association. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between diabetes and depression in a national sample of Venezuelan adults.
Methods: The EVESCAM was a national population-based, cross-sectional, randomized cluster sampling study, which assessed 3,454 adults from July 2014 to January 2017 (response rate of 77.3%). Diabetes was defined using fasting blood glucose and a 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test. Depressive symptoms were determined using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.
Results: 3255 subjects were assessed. Depressive symptom score was different between genders and among age groups (p<0.001), and similar in those subjects with or without diabetes (p=0.899). Depressive symptoms prevalence was higher in women than in men and increased with age (p<0.05), but was similar in those with and without diabetes (p=0.215). Using a multivariate regression analysis model, the association of depressive symptoms and diabetes remains non-significant after adjusting for age and gender (Odds ratio=0.98; 95% Confidence Intervals 0.95 – 1.02, p=0.504).
Conclusion: Diabetes and depression were not associated in a large sample of Venezuelan adults.


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