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Cardio-Metabolic Health Venezuelan Study (EVESCAM): Design and Implementation

By March 1, 2017September 24th, 2020No Comments


Invest Clin

Ramfis Nieto-Martínez,
María Inés Marulanda,
Juan P González-Rivas,
Eunice Ugel,
Maritza Durán,
Noel Barengo,
Pablo Aschner,
Mario Patiño,
Luis López Gómez,
Pedro Monsalve,
Héctor Marcano,
Hermes Florez

The EVESCAM (EstudioVenezolano de Salud Cardio-Metabólica) is the first
national, population survey in Venezuela, designed to examine the
prevalence of diabetes and cardio-metabolic risk factors and its
relationship with lifestyle. It is a cross-sectional, cluster sampling
study, which recruited 4454 participants aged ≥ 20 years. The data were
collected in community health-care centers by trained health professionals
and medical students. The data collected from each subject included, after
informed consent, structured questionnaires (clinical, demographic,
physical activity, nutritional and psychological), anthropometric
measurements (weight, height and waist circumference), body fat by
bioelectrical impedance, hand grip, blood pressure, electrocardiogram, and
biochemical measurements (standard 75 g oral glucose tolerance test, total
cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides). The data
will be used to estimate the prevalence of overweight, obesity,
prediabetes, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemias, sarcopenia and
metabolic syndrome; and to examine their relationships with lifestyle
factors. The risk of coronary heart disease and impaired glucose regulation
will be estimated using the Framingham Coronary Heart Disease Risk Score
and the Latin America adaptation of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score
(LA-FINDRISC), respectively. These results will guide national
cardiovascular and diabetes prevention strategies, and will be available
for government agencies to help in the implementation of public health


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